1. Quoted in The Formalist
subscription form. (Evansville, Indiana. 1993)
2. Richard Wilbur (b. 1921). http://www.poets.org/poet.php/prmPID/202
3. Kevin Walzer, "Poetical Correctness: James Wright's Formal Practices," The Midwest
Quarterly 39, no. 4 (1998).
4. De la Mare Society. http://www.walterdelamare.co.uk/
5. The Robert Graves Trust. http://www.robertgraves.org/
6. Edwin Muir's. Poem Hunter. http://www.poemhunter.com/
7. W.H. Auden (1907-73) http://www.poets.org/poet.php/prmPID/120
8. Steven Spender (1909-95). http://www.poemhunter.com/stephen-spender/
9. Kingsley Amis (1922-95). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kingsley_Amis
10. Poetry of Philip Larkin. Poem Hunter. http://www.poemhunter.com/
11. Dylan Thomas (1914-53). http://www.poets.org/poet.php/prmPID/150
12. Sir John Betjeman (1906-84). http://www.johnbetjeman.com
13. Geoffrey Hill (b. 1932). http://www.complete-review.com/authors/hillg.htm
14. Robert Frost (1874-1963). Poem Hunter. http://www.poemhunter.com/
15. Elinor Wylie (1885-1928). http://www.poemtree.com/Wylie.htm
16. Sarah Teasdale (1884-1933). http://www.poemtree.com/Teasdale.htm
17. AE Robinson (1869-1935). http://www.poemtree.com/Robinson.htm
18. John Crowe Ranson (1888-1974). http://www.poemtree.com/Ransom.htm
19. William Meredith (b. 1919). Poem Hunter. http://www.poemhunter.com/
20. Hayden Carruth (b. 1921). Poem Hunter. http://www.poemhunter.com/
21. Philip Booth (b. 1926). http://www.poets.org/poet.php/prmPID/175
22. Donald Hall (b. 1928). http://www.poets.org/poet.php/prmPID/264
23. Writing Well is the Best Revenge, Dana Gioia. http://www.danagioia.net/essays/edavison.htm
Review of Peter Davidson's The Fading Smile: Poets in Boston, from Robert Frost
to Robert Lowell to Sylvia Plath, 1955-1960
24. Howard Moss
(b. 1922-87). http://www.nhptv.org/kn/itv/mcd/moss.htm
25. David Ferry (b. 1924). http://www.poets.org/poet.php/prmPID/332.
26. J. V. Cunningham (1911-85). http://www.poets.org/poet.php/prmPID/256
27. Howard Nemerov (1920-91). http://www.press.uchicago.edu/Misc/Chicago/572439.html
28. Robert Lowell (1917-77). http://www.english.uiuc.edu/maps/poets/g_l/lowell/lowell.htm
29. John Hollander (b. 1929). http://www.poets.org/poet.php/prmPID/64
30. Richard Wilbur: A Critical Survey of His Career. Dana Gioia. http://www.danagioia.net/essays/ewilbur.htm.
31. Richard Wilbur: Biography and General Commentary. http://www.english.uiuc.edu/maps/poets/s_z/wilbur/bio.htm
32. The way of all flesh
. William Logan. http://www.newcriterion.com/archive/18/jun00/logan.htm
NNA. Review in The New Criterion Vol. 18, No. 10, June 2000.
33. Poetry 1956:
A Step Away From Them
. Marjorie Perloff. http://wings.buffalo.edu/epc/authors/perloff/1956.html
Detailed review of Wilbur's 1956 book The Things of This World.
34. David Perkins,
A History of Modern Poetry: Modernism and After
(Belknap Press. 1987), 383.
35. Auden's poetry and his last years
. Margaret Rees. Nov. 1999. http://www.wsws.org/articles/1999/nov1999/aud-n20.shtml
Review of Later Auden
by Edward Mendelson that touches on Tennyson's attempt
to be spokesman of his age.
36. Alexander Pope 1688-1744
. Poem Hunter.
37. Christopher Ricks, The Force of Poetry
(O.U.P. 1987), 163-178.
George L. Watson, A. E. Housman: A Divided Life
(Beacon Press, 1958). Q
39. From The Killing Machine. Moore Moran. http://www.thehypertexts.com/
40. From Drums From the Growing Ground. Anton N. (Tony) Marco. http://www.thehypertexts.com/
41. From Deputy Finds Dean's Tombstone on Highway. Jim Barnes. http://www.thehypertexts.com/
42. From A Poem: My Agent Says. R. S. Gwynn. http://www.thehypertexts.com/
43. From You Almost Remember. Esther Cameron. http://www.thehypertexts.com/
44. Consult the essays and biographies on Hypertexts: http://www.thehypertexts.com/
45. Particularly Able Muse: http://www.ablemuse.com
46. Steele Timothy, Missing Measures: Modern Poetry and the Revolt Against Meter
(Univ. of Arkansas Press, 1990). The book more attacks free verse than makes a case
for traditional forms.
47. Vernon Shetley, After the Death of Poetry: Poet
and Audience in Contemporary America (Durham: Duke University Press, 1993), 156
48. From Business and Poetry. Wade Newman. http://www.thehypertexts.com/
49. From Rubaiyat for Sue Ella Tucker. Miller Williams. In Philip Dacey and
David Jauss (Eds.) Strong Measures: Contemporary American Poetry in Traditional Forms
50. A Late Aubade. Richard Wilbur. In Dacey and Jauss
1986, op. cit.
51. From The Barrens. Alan
52. From Resurrection. William F. Carlson. http://www.thehypertexts.com/
53. From Wet Watercolor. Oliver Murray. In The New Formalist, Vol. 3, No.2. http://www.newformalist.com/index6.html#lombardy
Nearly two hundred poets feature in Dacey and Jauss 1986, op.
cit, but not all are New Formalists, however or indeed traditional poets. Note also
the poets appearing in The Formalist
and on the ezines listed above.
Frederick Turner (b. 1943). http://www.poemtree.com/Turner.htm
56. Gerry Cambridge (b. 1959). http://www.poemtree.com/Cambridge.htm
57. Bill Coyle (b. 1968). http://www.poemtree.com/Coyle.htm
58. Dick Davis (b. 1945). http://www.poemtree.com/Davis.htm
59. Rhina P. Espaillat (b. 1932). http://www.poemtree.com/Espaillat.htm
60. Robert Francis (1901-87). http://www.poemtree.com/Francis.htm
61. Judson Jerome (1927-91). http://www.poemtree.com/Jerome.htm
62. A.M. Juster (b. 1956). http://www.poemtree.com/Juster.htm
63. X. J. Kennedy (b. 1929). http://www.poemtree.com/Kennedy.htm
64. Paul Lake (b. 1951). http://www.poemtree.com/Lake.htm
65. Gail White (b. 1945). http://www.poemtree.com/White.htm
66. Jennifer Resser (b. 1968) http://www.thehypertexts.com
67. A. E. Stallings. (b. 1968). http://www.poemtree.com/Stallings.htm
68. David Yezzi. The Fortunes of Formalism
. April 2005. http://www.newcriterion.com/archive/23/apr05/yezzi.htm
NNA. A New Criterion article: not a history but short article arguing for poetic craft.